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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 16, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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>> india's next prime minister, narendra modi, the hindu national party leader set to win the election. hello from me, david foster. you are watching al jazeera. also coming up, protests turn violent in turkey after the worst-ever mining disaster. rally against the world cup - protests across brazil at the cost of staging the world's biggest football tournaments.
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>> i'm at the cannes film festival looking at how real life is coming together this year - courtesy of africa. india's main opposition party is heading for a landslide victory in the general election. the hindu nationalist b.j.p. campaigned on economically viable ruling, unseating the current party. election results trickled in. narendra modi, being congratulated by his mother. his supporters are on the streets in anticipation of victory. more than 500 million votes were cast during the nine phase general elections. the finishing line is in site as we join our correspondent, outside a counting satisfaction. will we know pretty soon that it
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is absolute, and the size of the victory? >> yes. i mean the election commission leads, or shows that the b.j.p. has the numbers that they require to form a majority government. they require 272 seats to form government and the election commission shows that they are beyond that. they have to be confirmed when the results are in. if the results validate what we are seeing at the moment, it's an extraordinary victory - would be an extraordinary victory for the b.j.p. it's the first time in independent history that a partying maggpart partying managed to win more than 230 seats. we are in the state where narendra modi is from. he's been the chief minister for the past 12 years.
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celebrations are underway. supporters have been lighting fire crackers. trumpers, musicians are playing into a frepzy behind me and supporters say that they are confident that the b.j.p. will get the seats that they need to form a former government. we are waiting a few hours for the results to be confirmed by the election commission. a b.j.p. government, how different will india be under narendra modi? >> well, voters are hoping that the government will be different under a narendra modi leadership. the economy is suffering. g.d.p. plummeted from around 9% in 2010 to below 5%. narendra modi has really campaigned on a promise to kick start the economy to attract foreign investors, to make it easier for indian businesses to work.
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he promised to create jobs for india's youth. this has been a popular election promise because a record number of young voters turned out this time to vote in the elections and issues like employment, the economy are close to their heart. voters at least right now are hoping that a new government will usher in a new era in india, particularly as far as the economy goes, particularly regarding corruption as well. the former government has been marred by corruption scandals, and they hope a new government will crackdown on this and we'll see a cleaner more profitable prosperous india. >> we'll be back later on. for now, thank you very much indeed. >> dozens of funerals have been held in turkey for some of the 284 miners killed in a coal mine explosion on tuesday. about 100 people are feared trapped underground.
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the president abdullah gol has been to the site. there has been scuffles between riot police and protesters. in istanbul they threw fire works and petrol bombs and police retaliated with what were called rubber pellets and smoke bombs. in ismaya they broke up the protest. caroline mall own joins us. it would appear it's a while since a survivor has been pulled out. how dangerous is it still, for those that need to go in, to pull out the bodies and make the mine safe? >> that's right. we understand it's dangerous for any rescue or retrieval of
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bodies operations in the mine behind us, reflected in the quite scope that we are seeing here today. as you mentioned the only occasion we see ambulances come from the scope bringing more dead bodies. most of the action that we have seen has been when there has been high up politician visits like that of president abdullah gol yesterday, bringing a level of resentment from some of the rescuers and miners and relatives. as the politicians visit. they get the feeling that the operations are stalled and it's distracting from the important task of trying to retrieve the bodies or any more minors alive. >> we know there has been protests, demonstration, if you like, in soma. is it likely that the three protests there will be pretty
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nasty today? >> it's obviously hard to say at the moment. from speaking to people overnight, and from what we saw, there were a growing scene of people wishing to make a protest. late last night there was a small group of around 50 to 60 people marching outside the soma government hospital. that was quickly dispersed by the plus, but people tried to gather again. from what we are hearing, there's reports that bus loads of people are coming in from other cities into soma, to join in what's been called for a national nationwide strike against the bad safety standards and to hopefully help this accident, to stop it happening again. >> for now, thank you very much. police have fired tear gas and rubber bullets into crowds of protesters in brazil. with fewer than 30 days until the world cup, thousands have held rallies against the
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billions spent to bring it to that country. our correspondent has more from sao paulo. >> reporter: in a late afternoon rally more than 5,000 teachers flood the streets of sao paulo, calling for better wages and working conditions. they have been on strike for four weeks. >> the investment for the world cup is big. all we have been asking for is better education. there's no political will. >> brazil is a country where labour unions are big, powerful and strikes commonplace as elections approach - they are due in october. something else happens first - the world cup. >> reporter: whether it be here in sao paulo, bus drivers, or police, everyone is on strike or threatening to strike. brazil is living in uncertain times. the country is less than 30 days
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away from hosting the world cup, one of the biggest sporting event in the world. at the same time there's sectors of society that are dissatisfied and not ready to celebrate. >> on the other side of town smouldering remains of an anti-world cup protest, a few thousand people, and it was bron up when riot police fired a mirage of tear gas. protests took a place in cities across brazil. the largest here in sao paulo. 5,000 working class families calling for more affordable housing and marching to the world cup stadium. they say the stadium, coupled with the world cup hype increased prices in the neighbourhoods that it's forcing the poor out. >> reporter: represent that used to be $150 a month is 300 a
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month. double. >> it was a peaceful march. when they arrived at the stadium they set tires on fire as a symbolic gesture. they poised to welcome the sporting wells, but some are burning first, with renewed contempt. china says it will not give up an inch of territory on a group of disputed islands in the south china sea. china's top army generals blamed vietnam for causing the tensions and said washington shouldn't take sides. >> the philippines released military surveillance photographs, which it says showed chinese landreclamation on one of the islands. china, vietnam, the philippines and eight other countries signed an agreement in 2011 aimed at
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preventing conflict in the disputed area. adrian brown has more from budget. >> these comments came from the general. he's number five in the liberation army. a man whose words carried weight. he was speaking at a press conference, and he said china would not cede an inch of territory in its disputed with vietnam and the oil drilling operation would continue, which has been the trigger. china says the operation will continue. the general had a blunt warning for the united states saying america's actions in the region were fuelling tension, referring to president obama's desire to re-engage more with south-east asia. president xi jinping has been wading into the row, saying
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chinese people did not wish to be part of an action to invade another country, it's not in there d.n.a. they want harmonious development. that is a sign that president xi jinping wishes to reduce tensions. later we'll report from new york on the efforts for the french government to have parties from the syrian conflict taken to the international court. we will try to explain why libya's oil revenues will not be enough to balance the budget in that country. stay with us if you can.
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i'm david foster, you're watching al jazeera - these are the main stories - india's main opposition party is heading to a landslide victory in the general elections. they campaign on the promise of economic revival and it was set to unseat the ruling congress party. there has been funerals in turkey for some of the 284 miners killed in the coal mine explosion on tuesday. about 100 are thought to be trapped underground. >> less than 30 days until kick-off and the football world cup is overshadowed by protests in brazil. thousands were holding rallies to protest about the billions of dollars spent to bring the tournament to that country. >> let's take a look at the man who is likely to become india's level prime minister. 63-year-old narendra modi - a
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highly controversial figure. a chief minister. credited with economic growth. popular, divisive self-proclaimed hindu nationalist. his administration has been criticised for failing to prevent violence in 2002 in which more than 1,000 were killed. narendra modi promised to reinvigorate the economy. we are joined by a guest in the studio. why has the b.j.p. achieved an incredible performance. they've not been an overall majority since 1989. >> the failure of the progressive alleged government. corruption of ministers and it succeeded because narendra modi sold people hope. his campaign slogan was good days are to come again. he would divide the economy,
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create jobs and bring back prosperity. >> in your opinion, is that possible. >> it's not easy. india's economy is not an island, it's linked to the international economy. the international economy has just begun to recover. he'll have a honeymoon period where they have brought back growth. it remains to be seen when. growth has gone to 4.8%. reviving the economy is not going to be easy. >> he talked about corruption. how bad is it? >> it's bad. it will be a major challenge. coming from a man who spend so much funny at the elections, most of it coming from corporates. it remains to be seen whether his party, having spent so much funny, will not try to recover it, which means it could border on dubious. >> what do you think his biggest challenge will be what, is his
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biggest problem facing india. >> the biggest challenge is the economy. prices are high, inflation is high. corruption is high. yes, increasing growth rate, he has to attract foreign investment and sentiment. these are big challenges. >> how does he raise the poverty level in yinnedia -- india, to make people peel better. >> he talks about high growth rates taking care of the poor by pulling them up. people have criticised that. other states did better. along with growth there has been social interaction in terms of improving the health of people, giving them better education, right to food and so on and so forth. >> what do you make. b.j.p.'s approach to kashmir. a senior leader in the b.j.p. party, a man likely to be the
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next speaker of parliament suggested cancelling an article in the constitution that would change the way that kashmir is administered. that it would be more under india's control. it is causing concern in some places. >> i don't know where it is causing concern. this is an election issue ever since the b.j.p. was formed, that they'd aggregate article c70, giving specialist status in kashmir because of the way it was merged with india. the instrument of succession, suggesting that they have autonomy. to change the constitution you need two-thirds majority. it comes to 362. they don't have that number with their allies. i don't think humans in too much of a hurry to think of the constitution of india.
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they said it, will continue to say and, and say article 270 has been diluted. it doesn't allow acts within parliament to be implemented in kashmir without the local assembly accepting it. it created problems. over time it has been diluted irrespective of which party is going. >> thank you very much indeed. i know you are staying with us through a number of our news programs. i look forward to other topics with you later on. thank you for now. the trial of three al jazeera english journalists has been adjourned again. the i think court appearance e are -- peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed, accused of conspiring with the muslim brotherhood. they've been in prison for
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119 days. >> peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed were back in a cage in a cairo court. prosecution lawyers told the defense team that they must pay a fee of $170,000 to facilitate viewing of the video evidence against the al jazeera english journalists, a demand described as an affront to justice. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed are accused of being involved in terrorism and faking reports. these are charges al jazeera rejects as nonsense. >> i feel that we are hopefully reaching a conclusion soon, and hopefully it will be favourable. i have strong belief in the judge and the egyptian judicial system. i believe that will be the essential factor in the end. >> three lawyers who no longer represent the al jazeera journalists told the court that the network is using the trial for promotional purposes. they say the defendant's case is
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jeopardized. the network rejected those allegations saying in a statement the support from across the world has been loud and has been important to keep it going: . >> the court sat eight times since the trial started in february. after each adjournment the three men returned to a 3 by 8 cell that they shared for their time in custody. they were arrested at the end of september. the next court appearance is later. the security council will vote on whether to submit crimes to the international criminal court. james bays is the correspondent. >> during three years of
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violence in syria, there's no doubt appalling crimes have been committed by both sides. murder, rape, imprisonment, hostage taking, torture and mutilation. no one has been held to act. at a meeting this week at the united nations a syrian american doctor talked about his work in aleppo a month ago and showed graphic evidence of crime. >> this child had bone fragments in his skin, but no fractures. he said later that he saw his level friend exploded in front of him. we were bulling bone fractures of his level friend from his back. >> human rights watch presented evidence in the form of a slide show showing where barrel bombs from dropped from bashar al-assad's aircraft. front line areas were targeted, and further attacks were used as a weapon to terrorize people
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away from the contested areas. the latest attacks took place after u.n. denouncing barrel bombs was passed in february. >> it's not just about the barrel bombs. there's a mountain of evidence about serious crimes committed mostly by the most, and by opposition groups. we established dozens of defaults. the u.s. commission of inquiry had dozens of faults. there's no question that the international criminal court would have more than the necessary material to start investigations and prosecuting people on both sides of the country. >> france decided it's time to take action in the security council. it's come up with a draft resolution, referring everything that's happened in syria to the international criminal court. it's due to be put to a vote in this chamber early next week. >> it's clear the majority of the security council , including
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the u.s. will support the resolution, but it probably will not pass. there'll be diplomatic overtures in the coming days, many believe the russians will use their veto, it's not clear how china will vote. if voters lost, eventually the momentum towards justice for syria will be unstoppable. libya's proposing a budget with a deficit for the first time in years, after losing two-thirds of its oil revenue. we have this report. >> libya lives on selling oil and gas and has a number of energy installations oil ports and gas pipelines. the industry generates billions in rev youse. the re -- revenues. the refinery is acting at full capacity, and the oil tanker is working anchored off sure.
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libya's oil and gas facilities are under threat. since the fall of muammar gaddafi's regime energy installations became a target. the idea is to gain influence and force the government to meet their demands. since last year militias that fought in the revolution seized four oil ports in the east, demanding federalism. libya's oil productions of 1.6 million barrels dropped to less than 250,000. the crisis of the general national congress. the government reached a deal with the militia. the closures have cost libya dearly. the chairman of the finance committee says they had to propose a budget with a deficit of $8 billion because of the blockade by the militia.
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the meter is running regarding the revenue losses. up until now estimates are 12 to 15 billion. this is revenue not recognised, not completely lost because it remains in the ground. it's revenue not recognised in a budget year which makes it difficult to meet financial commitments and be able to pay salaries and pay our financial commitments to local and international suppliers. >> libya tends to cover the deficits with surpluses in years gone by. the upcoming government knows it has to act to restore credibility and restore security. the cans film festival is anything but down to earth. it prides itself on bringing gritty tales to the screen, and
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this time it's africa. >> reporter: cannes can resemble the united nations at times. one contint ept in particular is flying the flag - lots of them - africa. >> reporter: cans is associated with all of this, the glitz, the glamor, the could life. real life forms part of the d.n.a. stories pegged to counter event that are harsh, stark and difficult to watch. there's a dose of that kind of cinema from african film makers, which has critics rather excited. like "timbuktu", a tale of forbidden love - there are lashings, stonings and killings. a painful story, one they felt compelled to kains. >> it's not a big move with a big star. it's interesting, and make the
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people affect about what happened to the movie. >> others rely on metaphors come paired to history. africa is a continent rich in untold stories. the feeling is that cann is the better for hearing them. >> you want the team to be there, as important as it is to have african teams at the world cup. african teams can be oppressive. >> africa is not just selling its stories, it's leasing locations. cans is the place to do deals, like filming a we were in south africa. "the salvation" did that, lowering the budget and doing its bit to raise the country's sip mattic appeal. >> a lot of the country had good crews, and getting out to attract as much business as
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possible. >> top prizes will hurt. timbuktu is in competition for the palm door, some tipping it. there's no happy ending for the film, but there may be smiles for its makers, come the big fight. -- come the big night. new records coming out of the operations of the department of vetted remembers affairs has identified one way the v.a. dropped backlogs. by lying about them. secretary eric was in the hot seat it reese the inside story.